"Your talk was a great addition to the evening programme [Stargazing Live] and went down really well with our audience!" Nicola Frost, Science Communication Officer, Manchester Museum of Science and Industry.
"Just a quick 'thank you' for a great talk yesterday. As I'm sure you noticed, it was very well received (it's not often we have a queue at the end asking for more!)." Clare Brown, Curator, Natural Science, Leeds Museum Discovery Centre.
"I just wanted to say how much I enjoyed your lecture at Glyndwr University Science Festival. I found you talk truly fascinating!" Jamie Hall.
"Thank you so much for the talk last night, I thoroughly enjoyed it and the feedback has been excellent." Patrick Fox, Foundation for Art and Creative Technology, Liverpool.
"Best talk this year.", "Never had it put so clearly - learned a lot." comments made to Rod Levene, Leeds Astronomical Society.
Image credits (from top): The Eagle Nebula, NASA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); The Pleiades or Seven Sisters, NASA, ESA and AURA/ Caltech; V838 Monocerotis, NASA, the Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI) and ESA; The Helix Nebula, NASA, NOAO, ESA, the Hubble Helix Nebula Team, M Meixner (STScI) and T A Rector (NRAO); The Crab Nebula, NASA and STScI.
How I Wonder What You Are:
The Birth, Life and Death of Stars
by Dr Paul Ruffle
Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, The University of Manchester
"Twinkle, twinkle, little star, how I wonder what you are!" How often did we sing that as a child without realising what we were asking? Well, with the aid of some of the latest astronomical images, the wonder of what stars are is revealed in this highly informative presentation that includes: how stars form in clouds of molecular gas and dust scattered about in the interstellar medium (ISM) of our Milky Way galaxy; how they then evolve and synthesise the elements that make life possible; and how at the end of their lives, they return this material to the ISM for the next generation of stars, either as red giants and planetary nebulae or more catastrophically as exploding supernovae. I also provide a feel for the sheer number of stars in the Milky Way, the enormous distance scales in our Galaxy and the range of densities encountered, from the most tenuous parts of the ISM to the compact cores of the most massive stars.
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If you want to know more about the content of this presentation, you can listen to my broadcasts on The Birth, Life and Death of Stars via my
Alternatively, you can listen to the original podcast of my interview with Sara Hinchliffe on Phoenix Radio's Coffee Culture Show, which includes my choice of music for the show.
You can watch videos of this talk given at the Foundation for Art and Creative Technology in Liverpool during their Knowledge Lives Everywhere exhibition in May 2011. You can also view my YouTube Channel.
Herschel Space Observatory image of a region near the Galactic Plane, containing a network of filamentary structures with features indicative of a chain of near simultaneous star formation events (ESA and the SPIRE & PACS Consortia).
About Paul Ruffle
Paul is a visiting research fellow and SAGE-Spec research associate in the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics at The University of Manchester. Prior to this he worked in the USA for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) as a support scientist on the 100 metre Green Bank Telescope (GBT).
His research interests include planetary nebulae (PNe) and the chemistry of low metallicity environments such as molecular clouds at the edge of our Galaxy or molecular gas in dwarf irregular galaxies. He is also interested in the role of dust in the interstellar medium (ISM) and how it relates to the formation of molecular clouds and subsequent star formation.
He is currently working on methods for analysing Spitzer-IRS spectroscopy from the SAGE-Spec legacy survey of the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, in order that infrared sources may be classified and spectral energy distributions may be constructed for each sub-class of object. He is investigating the different modes of star formation in the most distant low metallicity molecular cloud in the Milky Way, as well as developing the Xgear project for astrochemical modelling. He is also a collaborator on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Spectral Legacy Survey (SLS).
Paul started his career in the late sixties, working as a graphic artist in design studios and advertising agencies in London. In the mid-eighties he got involved with computers and the electronic publishing revolution. This led to working for a large corporation producing multilingual publications and multimedia. He also ran his own company providing consultancy services and building internet web sites.
Despite his creative abilities he always had a strong interest in physics and astronomy, so in 1989 he started studying in his spare time for a physics degree with the Open University and completed his BSc in 2002. After that he took up a full time PhD research studentship in astrophysics at The University of Manchester, which he completed in 2006. He has been an Associate Lecturer for the Open University, and also does some teaching at The University of Manchester.